Carbon-sequestering green funeral solution that returns us to the earth

Last Funded October 2023


raised from 841 investors


$1.6M revenue in first two years of operations, projecting $1.48M this year. (not guaranteed)
Composted over 250 people representing over 250 metric tons carbon saved.
1300 members of prepaid death care plan representing $7.6M future revenue. (not guaranteed)
$21.7B non-cyclical, recession-proof market. # people who die is growing (will not peak until 2055).

Our Team


The concept of turning our dead into soil is both completely practical and deeply moving.  It asks us to consider our relationship with death. It recognizes the inherent need all humans share to connect with nature, especially as we die or witness the death of others. 

Recompose has created a funeral offering that is connected to the earth's natural cycles. It addresses the carbon impact of death care and provides comfort and inspiration to people who are facing the end of life. Our goal is to expand Recompose to bring this offering to people all over the world.

With every death, we must consider what to do with the person's physical remains and how to mark the life of the person who has died.  Recompose provides a solution for this.

There is a massive amount of embodied energy created by the manufacture and transport of caskets, headstones, and grave liners as well as the maintenance of acres of lawn.  In addition, burial requires land, a finite resource.  Urban cemeteries are reaching capacity all over the world.  Seattle and San Francisco have introduced moratoriums on constructing new cemeteries because urban land is considered too precious to house the dead.  In New York City, most cemeteries have run out of plots to sell.  It is becoming clear that the concept of owning an individual piece of land for eternity is deeply flawed.

In part of these reasons, burial is becoming less popular in the United States, and cremation has become the default choice.  U.S. cremation rates rose from 3% in 1960 to over 55% in 2021.  Unfortunately, however, cremation is an energy-intensive process that releases carbon dioxide, mercury, and particulates into the atmosphere.

The energy required to cremate a body is roughly equal to the amount of fuel it takes to drive 4,800 miles.  Annually, cremation emits a staggering 700 million pounds of CO2 in the U.S. alone.  Adding in China, the UK, Canada, and the Netherlands increases that figure to nearly 4 billion pounds of carbon dioxide annually. 

At the heart of the Recompose model is a system that converts bodies into soil.  By creating the right environment for naturally-occurring microbes to thrive, we accelerate natural decomposition.  Recompose is a way for our bodies to return to the earth after we die.

In the next few decades, more people will die than ever before.  Worldwide, the number of people aged 65 and over is projected to reach 1.6 billion by 2050.

An August 2020 poll by the National Funeral Directors Association found that 4.1% of Americans would choose "human composting" upon their death.  This was before Recompose had opened its doors to offer the service.

Recompose's long-term goal is to replace cremation - currently the choice for over half of Americans - as the default funeral choice. This goal has vast implications both for Recompose's bottom line and for the planet.

Recompose's first business arm is to open and operate facilities where bodies are transformed into soil via human composting.  We charge fees for our services at these locations.  Recompose is a full-service funeral home.  We handle legal and logistical needs, provide opportunities for ritual, and support people throughout the death care process. 

Recompose's second business arm is to license our proprietary technology and technical know-how to carefully-chosen partners.  Our patent-pending Recompose Vessel System has been designed to be replicated.  Vessels can be stacked vertically, scaling up as demand grows.  Our process control system "talks" to each vessel, measuring temperatures and ensuring that proper records are kept. Recompose has devoted time, energy, and money to designing, engineering, piloting, and legalizing a process that will be applicable throughout the world.  While other may choose to engage in a similar but independent research and design process, the more attractive alternative for many will be to enter a collaborative arrangement with Recompose.

Recompose partners will provide financial capital and local expertise.  We will work closely with partners to help them overcome regulatory burdens in their jurisdictions.  Recompose will provide equipment, technical know-how, and ongoing support to our licenses. 

Recomposes's process happens inside our proprietary vessels, one body per vessel.  Each vessel is filled with a mixture of natural materials - wood chips, alfalfa, and straw - and aerated.  The process inside the vessel takes between five to seven weeks, after which time the vessels are cleaned and used again. The soil is cured for an additional three to five weeks and is then returned to the family or donated to conservation efforts.

The soil created by the Recompose Vessel System is nutrient-rich and its appearance and feel are much more like the topsoil one would buy at a nursery.  Each body creates approximately one cubic yard. 

Recompose provides simplicity.  Compared to the extensive, a la carte offerings of other funeral homes, we give families a short, tailored list of choices with clear, transparent pricing. Our grounded approach creates an authentic relationship with customers, with clear communication and hands-on involvement from our staff.  We want to make death care accessible, empathetic, and unique; the opposite of the stereotypical experience.  From the experience of families to the deep personal meaning found by returning to the earth after death, we have seen the Recompose service vastly exceed our customers' expectations.

Forward looking projections cannot be guaranteed.

In 2020, the Recompose team built a prearrangement program, called Precompose, entirely from scratch. The team also built a comprehensive online sign-up system that allows prospective customers to sign up for one-time or monthly payments and complete the legal documents related to their death care.

The National Funeral Directors Association states that the median cost for a U.S. funeral with viewing and burial is $8,755. This does not include a headstone and plot, which can range from $3,000 to $25,000.  The median cost for a cremation with a funeral and viewing is $6,260.  A direct cremation - without viewing, casket, or time in the funeral home - costs between $750 and $4,200.  The same services and goods can vary widely in price, even in the same city. A natural burial at Joshua Tree Memorial Park in California costs approximately $7,000, including a plot. 

Two cemeteries in Los Angeles offer green burials; their prices are $16,000 and higher. A natural burial at White Eagle Cemetery, 3.5 hours from Seattle, costs $5,660.

Recompose is a public benefit corporation dedicated to transforming the funeral industry.  Over the past ten years, we have inspired a movement by demonstrating the enormous potential of a re-designed death care experience.  Through this effort, we have attracted an incredible team of people.

Recompose is projecting $3.5M in revenue over the next 24 months (not guaranteed).  The relatively slow revenue growth between 2021 and 2022 was due to our moving from a temporary facility to our permanent Seattle facility.

In terms of long-term projected revenue, three million people die annually in the U.S. and 57% chose to be cremated in 2022.  That number is expected to rise over the next 10 years. (Of note, 64% of Americans report being interested in green funeral options.) Recompose's ambitious long-term goal is to capture 10% of the cremation market. If reached, this would result in $1.97B revenue at today's price ($7,000) and would result in over 170k tons of carbon savings annually.

We believe we are on to something really big and the company can be "wildly successful" which would include financial returns to investors. These returns may come in the form of:

  • dividends
  • an opportunity to sell stock to the company or to other parties
  • some form of public offering
  • a sale to the right partner
  • a combination of the above

We also recognize Recompose is a non-cyclical business - people die no matter what the economic or market conditions may be.  There's no question that the industry is due a re-design, and we believe we are poised to do just that.

Regarding ROI, we want to emphasize that investing in Recompose is a long-term prospect, primarily because we believe that an intentional but very ambitious growth trajectory will benefit the world and our investors. We have avoided investments from venture capital funds and others who demand an exit plan (and accompanying often unrealistic "hockey stick" patterns) that could possibly enhance their financial returns but force Recompose to compromise our mission. We are seeking investors who value that long-term, values-based approach. 

Recompose aims for messaging that is clear, direct, and gentle.  We market our at-need services to people who have just lost someone or for whom death is imminent.  With Precompose, we market our preplanning options to people well before they face their own death or death of someone near to them.  We also emphasize education and access to help build a community of well-informed death care customers. 

The cost of funeral services can place an undue burden on low-income families.  The expense often comes without warning and can be among the largest purchases made in a lifetime.  Recompose believes that access to meaningful, sustainable death care is a human right.  Our Community Fund program supports families for whom the full price of our service is a burden.  It is funded with donations from our community, the online Recompose shop, and - eventually - by a portion of Recompose's profits. 

Human composting avoids the greenhouse gasses that are produced by the manufacture of concrete grave liners, caskets, and coffins and by the burning of fossil fuels for cremation. The process reduces waste from burials and partialities and mercury emissions from cremation.  In addition, less arable land is used for cemeteries, resulting in a reduction of mowing, fertilizing, and watering.

A fundamentally aerobic process, human composting does not produce methane, a potent greenhouse gas. (Methane is produced by anaerobic processes). Due to a combination of avoiding carbon output and sequestering carbon, the Recompose process saves one metric ton of carbon per person. This savings was determined by a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) produced in partnership by Leiden University, Delft University of Technology, and Troy Hottle, PhD.

One metric ton of carbon is the equivalent of 98 gallons of gasoline consumed, 1,104 pounds of coal burned, or 40 backyard propane cylinders consumed.

Recompose’s pre-money valuation for the last investment round (A3) was ~$60 million (based on issued and outstanding shares). This valuation took into consideration our proprietary green funeral technology, deep expertise, skilled team, first to market position, brand recognition, and market leadership. Projected EBITDA, potential preferred dividends, and the underlying characteristics of the death care business were also considered. Recompose raised just under $10M in the A3 round, making the post-money valuation just under $70 million (based on issued and outstanding shares). 

Today, we can add the successful opening and operation of Recompose Seattle plus successful legalization efforts in both California and New York State. The pre-money valuation for the Community Round is ~$70 million (based on issued and outstanding shares) and ~$76 million (based on fully diluted shares).

We will use the proceeds from this Community Round for capital expenditures and operations costs related to the operation and expansion of Recompose.  This includes, but is not limited to, marketing and outreach, business development, salaries, and capital expenses for new facilities.